Chapter 16. Questions:

1.1: Describe the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere.

1.2: How temperature changes vertically in each atmospheric layers and why?

2.1: Which are the main natural and anthropogenic sources of air pollution?

2.2: How emissions of main air pollutants have changed in Europe in the recent years?

3.1: What is the quasi steady state approximation (QSSA)?

3.2: What is the difference between the differential rate and integrated rate law?

4.1: Describe the main chemical reactions of oxygen in the atmosphere.

4.2: Describe the main stages of evolution on the Earth.

5.1: Describe the importance of terrestrial processes in carbon cycle.

5.2: Group the most important carbon species in the atmosphere.

6.1: Describe the nitrogen cycle.

6.2: Describe the similarity and differences between nitrification and denitrification.

7.1: Describe the sulphur cycle.

7.2: Group the most important sulphur species in the atmosphere.

8.1: Which are the main differences between chemistry of tropospheric and stratospheric ozone?

8.2: Describe the typical vertical profile of the ozone.

8.3: Describe the typical temporal and spatial variations of tropospheric ozone.

9.1: Which are the main sources of aerosol particles?

9.2: Which are the main sinks of aerosol particles?

9.3: Describe the main properties of different aerosol particles.

10.1: What are the most used models for dispersion of air pollutants in the atmosphere?

10.2: Derive the atmospheric transport equation.

11.1: Describe the advantage of the adaptive gridding.

11.2: What are the main strategies for parallel computing?

12.1: Which factors affect the dry and wet deposition of gases and particles?

12.2: Which methods can be used to determine the dry and wet deposition of atmospheric gases and aerosol particles?

13.1: Describe the effects of main air pollutants on human health.

13.2: What kind of environmental problems can be formed due to the effects of main air pollutants?

14.1: How do the atmospheric composition and its changes affect the radiation budget of the Earths-atmosphere system?

14.1: How can we estimate the future greenhouse gas emissions?

15.1: Which types of surface air quality measurement sites exist?

15.2: How can the atmospheric gas and aerosol concentrations be measured?